Former Inmates for Change

Second Chance Act

The Second Chance Act is a piece of legislation enacted by the United States Congress to provide assistance to individuals who are released from prison and reintegrating into society. The act aims to reduce recidivism, improve public safety, and help individuals successfully transition back into their communities by providing resources and support. Here’s some information about the Second Chance Act:

  1. Enactment: The Second Chance Act was signed into law by President George W. Bush on April 9, 2008, as part of the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-199).
  2. Purpose: The primary goal of the Second Chance Act is to improve outcomes for individuals leaving incarceration and returning to their communities by providing funding and support for various reentry programs and services. These programs focus on addressing barriers to successful reintegration, such as finding employment, securing stable housing, accessing healthcare and mental health services, and addressing substance abuse issues.
  3. Funding: The Second Chance Act provides federal grants to state, local, and tribal governments, as well as nonprofit organizations, to support a wide range of reentry initiatives. These grants fund programs such as job training and placement, substance abuse treatment, housing assistance, mental health services, mentoring, education and vocational training, family support services, and community-based supervision and reentry programs.
  4. Key Provisions: The act includes provisions for research, evaluation, and the dissemination of best practices in reentry programming. It also supports the establishment of collaborative partnerships among criminal justice agencies, community-based organizations, and other stakeholders to coordinate reentry efforts and maximize resources.
  5. Impact: Since its enactment, the Second Chance Act has led to the implementation of numerous reentry programs and initiatives across the country, helping thousands of individuals successfully reintegrate into society after incarceration. These programs have been shown to reduce recidivism rates, improve public safety, and promote positive outcomes for individuals, families, and communities.
  6. Reauthorization: The Second Chance Act has been reauthorized multiple times since its initial passage, demonstrating bipartisan support for its objectives and continued investment in reentry initiatives. Reauthorization ensures that funding and support for reentry programs remain available to address the ongoing needs of individuals returning from incarceration.

Overall, the Second Chance Act plays a critical role in supporting the successful reintegration of individuals leaving prison and promotes the principles of rehabilitation, redemption, and second chances in the criminal justice system.


The Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) is a significant federal law designed to strengthen and enhance our nation’s public workforce system. Its primary objectives are to provide meaningful employment opportunities for Americans, including youth and those facing significant barriers to employment, and to help employers find skilled workers. Here are some key points about WIOA:

  1. Purpose and Goals:
  2. Improving the Workforce System:
  3. WIOA Funding and Programs:
    • WIOA allocates funds for various programs, including:
      • Adult Education & Literacy: Administered by the Office of Career, Technical, and Adult Education under WIOA Title II.
      • Vocational Rehabilitation Services: Provides grants to assist states in operating statewide vocational rehabilitation programs.
      • Youth Services: Focuses primarily on out-of-school youth, with a minimum requirement of 75% of funds allocated to them.
      • Individual Training Accounts (ITAs): Fund classroom training for job seekers. Programs must be on the state’s eligible training provider list.
      • Cohort Training Contracts: An additional option for funding training 12.
  4. Positive Impact:

In summary, WIOA plays a crucial role in bridging the gap between job seekers and employers, fostering economic growth, and promoting a more resilient society.